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曹操放走关羽不给通关文凭,并非要取其性命,曹操:最后用他一次

【导】【语】【:】【关】【羽】【在】【紧】【闭】【的】【门】【外】【徘】【徊】【,】【看】【着】【门】【上】【悬】【挂】【的】【回】【避】【牌】【心】【急】【如】【焚】【,】【这】【是】【他】【得】【知】【兄】【长】【下】【落】【之】【后】【第】【五】【次】【来】【请】【辞】【,】【门】【里】【曹】【操】【眼】【观】【此】【情】【形】【,】【叹】【道】【:】【“】【看】【来】【此】【人】【是】【留】【不】【住】【了】【…】【…】【”】【他】【紧】【闭】【双】【目】【、】【眉】【头】【紧】【锁】【,】【心】【里】【盘】【算】【起】【如】【何】【挽】【回】【自】【己】【的】【损】【失】【:】【“】【杀】【之】【?】【不】【是】【上】【策】【…】【…】【”】【忽】【然】【心】【生】【一】【计】【,】【曹】【操】【嘴】【角】【邪】【恶】【地】【上】【扬】【,】【望】【着】【关】【羽】【远】【去】【的】【背】【影】【,】【心】【里】【默】【念】【道】【:】【“】【一】【切】【都】【在】【孤】【的】【掌】【握】【之】【中】【…】【…】【”】【​】【俘】【虏】【了】【关】【羽】【之】【后】【,】【曹】【操】【百】【般】【讨】【好】【,】【希】【望】【他】【能】【真】【心】【归】【降】【;】【然】【而】【关】【羽】【身】【在】【曹】【营】【心】【在】【汉】【,】【最】【终】【也】【没】【能】【留】【住】【;】【曹】【操】【想】【最】【后】【利】【用】【关】【羽】【一】【次】【,】【他】【将】【计】【就】【计】【,】【佯】【装】【大】【度】【放】【关】【羽】【离】【去】【,】【却】【不】【给】【其】【通】【关】【文】【凭】【,】【也】【没】【有】【给】【各】【关】【守】【将】【打】【招】【呼】【,】【有】【人】【说】【他】【这】【是】【希】【望】【守】【将】【把】【关】【羽】【杀】【死】【,】【而】【自】【己】【落】【个】【“】【成】【全】【仁】【义】【”】【的】【好】【名】【声】【;】【但】【这】【里】【细】【想】【起】【来】【,】【这】【里】【面】【疑】【点】【很】【多】【,】【曹】【操】【佯】【放】【关】【羽】【的】【真】【正】【目】【的】【是】【什】【么】【呢】【?】【您】【接】【着】【往】【下】【看】【。】【​】【建】【安】【五】【年】【下】【邳】【之】【战】【,】【曹】【操】【俘】【虏】【了】【关】【羽】【以】【及】【刘】【备】【的】【二】【位】【夫】【人】【;】【由】【于】【欣】【赏】【关】【羽】【,】【曹】【操】【特】【别】【厚】【待】【他】【,】【希】【望】【日】【子】【一】【长】【,】【关】【羽】【能】【感】【动】【而】【真】【心】【归】【降】【;】【可】【是】【事】【情】【并】【没】【有】【如】【曹】【操】【所】【愿】【,】【关】【羽】【在】【得】【知】【刘】【备】【下】【落】【之】【后】【毅】【然】【离】【去】【,】【丝】【毫】【不】【留】【恋】【高】【官】【厚】【禄】【;】【就】【在】【群】【臣】【奏】【禀】【拿】【下】【关】【羽】【之】【际】【,】【曹】【操】【却】【一】【改】【以】【往】【行】【事】【作】【风】【,】【大】【度】【地】【说】【:】【“】【吾】【昔】【已】【许】【之】【,】【岂】【可】【失】【信】【!】【彼】【各】【为】【其】【主】【,】【勿】【追】【也】【;】【”】【之】【后】【他】【说】【一】【套】【做】【一】【套】【,】【为】【关】【羽】【送】【行】【的】【时】【候】【,】【赠】【锦】【袍】【黄】【金】【,】【却】【没】【有】【给】【他】【通】【关】【文】【凭】【;】【曹】【操】【葫】【芦】【里】【卖】【的】【什】【么】【药】【?】【后】【人】【有】【两】【种】【猜】【测】【:】【第】【一】【种】【说】【曹】【操】【得】【知】【关】【羽】【要】【走】【,】【伤】【心】【过】【度】【,】【忘】【记】【给】【他】【通】【关】【文】【凭】【了】【;】【这】【个】【说】【法】【显】【然】【站】【不】【住】【脚】【,】【以】【曹】【操】【的】【精】【明】【,】【这】【么】【重】【要】【的】【事】【怎】【么】【会】【忘】【了】【?】【​】【相】【比】【而】【言】【,】【第】【二】【种】【说】【法】【稍】【微】【高】【明】【点】【:】【曹】【操】【一】【面】【放】【关】【羽】【走】【,】【一】【面】【不】【给】【其】【通】【关】【文】【凭】【,】【是】【因】【为】【他】【自】【己】【想】【落】【一】【个】【“】【爱】【惜】【人】【才】【”】【的】【好】【名】【声】【,】【而】【寄】【希】【望】【于】【沿】【途】【关】【口】【守】【将】【将】【其】【擒】【而】【杀】【之】【!】【但】【是】【仔】【细】【想】【来】【,】【这】【个】【说】【法】【也】【是】【疑】【点】【重】【重】【:】【首】【先】【,】【关】【羽】【“】【斩】【颜】【良】【,】【诛】【文】【丑】【”】【,】【他】【的】【武】【功】【有】【多】【高】【曹】【操】【心】【知】【肚】【明】【,】【那】【六】【个】【无】【名】【之】【辈】【一】【起】【上】【都】【未】【必】【是】【关】【羽】【的】【对】【手】【,】【何】【况】【单】【打】【独】【斗】【呢】【?】【精】【明】【的】【曹】【操】【会】【指】【望】【他】【们】【杀】【掉】【关】【羽】【?】【其】【次】【,】【在】【黄】【河】【渡】【口】【,】【夏】【侯】【惇】【正】【欲】【和】【关】【羽】【打】【斗】【的】【时】【候】【,】【派】【送】【公】【文】【的】【使】【者】【恰】【好】【赶】【到】【,】【怎】【么】【会】【这】【么】【巧】【?】【更】【离】【谱】【的】【是】【,】【两】【波】【使】【者】【实】【在】【拦】【不】【住】【之】【时】【,】【大】【将】【张】【辽】【冒】【出】【来】【亲】【自】【劝】【架】【!】【这】【两】【波】【使】【者】【和】【张】【辽】【为】【什】【么】【突】【然】【在】【这】【个】【节】【骨】【眼】【出】【现】【?】【综】【合】【来】【看】【,】【这】【个】【说】【法】【疑】【点】【太】【多】【,】【不】【能】【让】【人】【信】【服】【。】【​】【这】【样】【说】【来】【,】【曹】【操】【佯】【放】【关】【羽】【的】【真】【正】【用】【意】【是】【什】【么】【呢】【?】【我】【们】【可】【以】【从】【分】【析】【曹】【操】【的】【为】【人】【和】【行】【事】【作】【风】【中】【找】【到】【线】【索】【;】【众】【所】【周】【知】【,】【曹】【操】【多】【疑】【,】【连】【睡】【觉】【都】【害】【怕】【有】【人】【要】【杀】【他】【,】【自】【起】【兵】【以】【来】【,】【其】【帐】【下】【将】【士】【主】【要】【是】【两】【种】【人】【:】【一】【种】【多】【为】【发】【小】【、】【亲】【戚】【等】【嫡】【系】【亲】【兵】【;】【一】【种】【是】【孤】【身】【来】【降】【,】【没】【有】【什】【么】【根】【基】【,】【比】【如】【张】【辽】【、】【徐】【晃】【等】【大】【将】【;】【这】【是】【曹】【操】【军】【队】【的】【特】【点】【,】【所】【以】【行】【军】【打】【仗】【的】【时】【候】【,】【各】【路】【人】【马】【首】【先】【以】【曹】【操】【为】【念】【,】【不】【会】【因】【私】【废】【公】【,】【这】【在】【张】【辽】【、】【乐】【进】【、】【李】【典】【三】【人】【身】【上】【都】【有】【很】【好】【的】【诠】【释】【;】【至】【于】【带】【着】【队】【伍】【来】【投】【的】【,】【也】【就】【是】【有】【自】【己】【势】【力】【的】【,】【曹】【操】【则】【颇】【为】【忌】【惮】【,】【这】【些】【人】【下】【场】【也】【都】【不】【好】【,】【比】【如】【张】【秀】【,】【最】【终】【还】【是】【被】【曹】【丕】【给】【逼】【死】【了】【;】【​】【再】【者】【,】【曹】【操】【非】【常】【爱】【才】【,】【提】【出】【了】【“】【唯】【才】【是】【举】【”】【的】【用】【人】【原】【则】【,】【对】【于】【有】【才】【之】【人】【是】【非】【常】【偏】【袒】【,】【而】【对】【平】【庸】【之】【辈】【却】【很】【漠】【视】【;】【再】【来】【看】【看】【被】【关】【羽】【杀】【掉】【的】【这】【五】【关】【六】【将】【,】【先】【说】【卞】【喜】【,】【卞】【喜】【是】【并】【州】【人】【氏】【,】【原】【来】【是】【黄】【巾】【党】【,】【后】【投】【曹】【操】【,】【而】【曹】【操】【则】【是】【镇】【压】【黄】【巾】【党】【出】【身】【,】【像】【卞】【喜】【这】【样】【本】【身】【没】【有】【过】【人】【之】【才】【,】【又】【曾】【经】【和】【曹】【操】【敌】【对】【的】【人】【,】【留】【在】【队】【伍】【里】【是】【一】【个】【隐】【患】【;】【再】【说】【秦】【琪】【,】【他】【不】【仅】【是】【夏】【侯】【惇】【的】【爱】【将】【,】【更】【是】【老】【将】【军】【蔡】【阳】【的】【外】【甥】【,】【平】【日】【里】【凭】【借】【自】【己】【的】【身】【份】【骄】【傲】【自】【大】【,】【不】【把】【任】【何】【人】【放】【在】【眼】【里】【,】【他】【死】【在】【关】【羽】【手】【里】【,】【一】【方】【面】【切】【断】【了】【夏】【侯】【惇】【和】【蔡】【阳】【的】【关】【系】【,】【防】【止】【夏】【、】【蔡】【两】【家】【联】【合】【坐】【大】【;】【另】【一】【方】【面】【,】【夏】【侯】【惇】【和】【蔡】【阳】【会】【把】【仇】【恨】【记】【在】【关】【羽】【头】【上】【;】【无】【论】【从】【哪】【个】【方】【面】【来】【讲】【,】【曹】【操】【都】【是】【赢】【家】【;】【再】【说】【剩】【下】【的】【几】【个】【人】【,】【他】【们】【能】【力】【平】【庸】【,】【且】【非】【曹】【操】【的】【嫡】【系】【,】【还】【有】【各】【自】【的】【势】【力】【,】【而】【且】【王】【植】【和】【韩】【福】【又】【是】【亲】【家】【,】【这】【些】【都】【让】【多】【疑】【的】【曹】【操】【很】【不】【放】【心】【。】【​】【说】【到】【这】【里】【,】【事】【情】【已】【经】【很】【清】【楚】【了】【:】【精】【于】【算】【计】【的】【曹】【操】【不】【甘】【心】【关】【羽】【就】【此】【走】【掉】【,】【想】【最】【后】【利】【用】【关】【羽】【一】【次】【,】【借】【他】【的】【刀】【杀】【掉】【几】【个】【部】【下】【,】【优】【化】【自】【己】【的】【队】【伍】【,】【而】【且】【想】【让】【关】【羽】【欠】【自】【己】【一】【份】【人】【情】【,】【以】【关】【羽】【重】【情】【重】【义】【的】【性】【格】【,】【这】【份】【情】【他】【将】【来】【必】【定】【会】【报】【答】【。】【这】【样】【一】【来】【,】【前】【面】【那】【些】【疑】【点】【也】【都】【说】【得】【通】【了】【,】【曹】【操】【是】【故】【意】【放】【关】【羽】【走】【却】【不】【给】【他】【通】【关】【文】【凭】【的】【,】【而】【且】【派】【张】【辽】【带】【着】【公】【文】【一】【路】【尾】【随】【,】【以】【防】【事】【情】【有】【什】【么】【意】【外】【;】【曹】【操】【对】【张】【辽】【说】【:】【沿】【途】【中】【如】【果】【关】【羽】【意】【外】【身】【亡】【,】【自】【然】【是】【好】【!】【你】【就】【带】【着】【刘】【备】【的】【二】【位】【夫】【人】【回】【来】【付】【命】【;】【但】【这】【种】【可】【能】【性】【很】【小】【,】【正】【常】【考】【虑】【的】【话】【,】【关】【羽】【应】【该】【杀】【了】【守】【将】【顺】【利】【通】【关】【,】【如】【此】【你】【也】【不】【用】【出】【现】【了】【,】【直】【接】【回】【来】【!】【​】【但】【是】【曹】【操】【没】【有】【算】【到】【夏】【侯】【惇】【因】【为】【损】【失】【了】【爱】【将】【,】【心】【疼】【不】【已】【,】【跑】【去】【找】【关】【羽】【拼】【命】【;】【夏】【侯】【惇】【是】【曹】【操】【同】【族】【兄】【弟】【,】【武】【艺】【高】【强】【,】【是】【曹】【魏】【不】【可】【缺】【失】【的】【一】【员】【大】【将】【,】【如】【果】【他】【被】【关】【羽】【打】【伤】【、】【甚】【至】【杀】【了】【,】【那】【曹】【操】【的】【损】【失】【就】【大】【了】【!】【于】【是】【,】【躲】【在】【暗】【处】【的】【张】【辽】【赶】【紧】【派】【士】【兵】【带】【着】【公】【文】【前】【去】【劝】【架】【,】【可】【是】【没】【想】【到】【夏】【侯】【惇】【如】【此】【执】【着】【,】【劝】【了】【两】【次】【还】【劝】【不】【住】【,】【张】【辽】【急】【得】【跳】【脚】【,】【最】【后】【实】【在】【没】【办】【法】【,】【冒】【着】【暴】【露】【的】【风】【险】【出】【来】【阻】【止】【;】【好】【在】【没】【有】【心】【机】【的】【关】【羽】【一】【直】【记】【挂】【着】【去】【找】【兄】【长】【,】【并】【没】【有】【发】【现】【有】【任】【何】【异】【常】【,】【反】【而】【感】【激】【曹】【操】【大】【度】【不】【怪】【罪】【自】【己】【杀】【了】【他】【六】【个】【部】【下】【,】【深】【深】【记】【下】【了】【这】【笔】【恩】【德】【。】【曹】【操】【不】【愧】【“】【奸】【雄】【”】【之】【称】【,】【之】【后】【赤】【壁】【之】【战】【,】【他】【败】【走】【华】【容】【道】【,】【路】【遇】【关】【羽】【,】【重】【情】【重】【义】【的】【关】【羽】【果】【然】【为】【了】【报】【恩】【放】【了】【他】【一】【马】【。】

文章來源:五星體育直播

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